Pipe flowmeter measurement method
Ultrasonic waves carry information about the fluid flow rate as they propagate through the flowing fluid. Therefore, the flow rate of the fluid can be detected by the received ultrasonic wave, and converted into a flow rate. According to the detection method, it can be divided into different types of ultrasonic flowmeters such as propagation velocity difference method, Doppler method, beam offset method, noise method and correlation method. Ultrasonic flowmeter is a kind of application that has been applied since the rapid development of integrated circuit technology in the past decade.
Non-contact instrument for measuring fluids that are difficult to access and observe, as well as large pipe runoff. It is linked to a water level gauge for flow measurement of open water flow. The use of ultrasonic flow rate does not change the flow state of the fluid without installing the measuring element in the fluid, and does not generate additional resistance. The installation and maintenance of the instrument can not affect the operation of the production pipeline and is an ideal energy-saving flowmeter.
As we all know, industrial flow measurement generally has the problem of large diameter and large flow measurement difficulty. This is because the general flowmeter will bring difficulties in manufacturing and transportation with the increase of the measuring pipe diameter, and the cost will increase and the energy loss will increase. Installation is not only a disadvantage, but ultrasonic flowmeters can be avoided.
Vortex flowmeter common fault
1. The measurement range of the vortex flowmeter is large, generally 10:1, but the lower limit of measurement is limited by many factors: Re>10000 is the most basic condition for the operation of the vortex flowmeter. In addition, it is also responded by the vortex. The signal, the vortex frequency f is also small, and it also makes signal processing difficult. The upper limit of measurement is the frequency response of the sensor and the frequency limit of the circuit. Therefore, the flow rate range must be calculated and calculated according to the flow rate of the fluid. The environmental conditions on the site are complicated. In addition to the conditions such as ambient temperature, humidity, and atmosphere, electromagnetic interference should also be considered.
2, vibration is also a big enemy of this type of instrument. Therefore, care should be taken to avoid mechanical vibrations, especially the lateral vibration of the pipe (perpendicular to the pipe axis and the vertical vortex generating body axis). This effect cannot be suppressed and eliminated in the design of the flowmeter structure. Since the vortex signal is equally sensitive to the influence of the flow field, it is not suitable for the length of the straight pipe section to ensure the flow conditions necessary for stabilizing the vortex street. Even the capacitive and ultrasonic type with strong anti-vibration performance guarantees that the fluid is a fully developed one-way flow, which is not negligible.
The medium temperature also has a great influence on the performance of the vortex flowmeter. For example, the pressure stress type vortex flowmeter cannot be used for a long time at 300 °C, because its insulation resistance is rapidly reduced from 10-100 MΩ at normal temperature to 1-101 Ω, and the output signal is also small, resulting in deterioration of measurement characteristics. In the measurement system, the sensor and the converter should be installed separately to avoid long-term high temperature affecting the reliability and service life of the instrument. The vortex flowmeter is a relatively new type of flowmeter. It is in the development stage and is not very mature. If it is not properly selected, the performance will not work well. Only after reasonable selection and correct installation, it is necessary to carefully and regularly maintain during the use process, accumulate experience, improve the predictability of system failure and the ability to judge and deal with problems, so as to achieve satisfactory results.
Vortex flowmeter installation requirements for straight pipe sections:
It is very important that the vortex flowmeter installation meets the requirements for straight pipe sections. Its detailed requirements are as follows:
The flowmeter has certain requirements on the upstream and downstream straight pipe sections at the installation point, otherwise it will affect the measurement accuracy.
If there is a tapered pipe upstream of the installation point of the flowmeter, there should be a straight pipe section of not less than 15D (D is the pipe diameter) upstream of the flowmeter, and a straight pipe section of not less than 5D in the downstream.
If there is a diverging pipe upstream of the installation point of the flowmeter, the upstream of the flowmeter shall have a straight pipe section of not less than 18D (D is the pipe diameter), and the downstream shall have a straight pipe section of not less than 5D.
If there is a 90° elbow or down joint upstream of the installation point of the flowmeter, there should be a straight pipe section of not less than 20D upstream of the flowmeter, and a straight pipe section of not less than 5D downstream.
If there is a 90° elbow on the same plane upstream of the installation point of the flowmeter, there should be a straight pipe section of not less than 25D upstream of the flowmeter, and a straight pipe section of not less than 5D downstream.
The flow regulating valve or pressure regulating valve should be installed as far as possible downstream of the flowmeter 5D. If it must be installed upstream of the flowmeter, the upstream of the flowmeter should have a straight pipe section of not less than 25D, and the downstream should have a straight pipe section of not less than 5D. .
If there is a piston type or plunger type pump in the upstream of the flow meter, a piston type or a Roots type fan and a compressor, the upstream of the flow meter should have a straight pipe section of not less than 25D, and the downstream should have a straight pipe section of not less than 5D.
Special attention: If the valve is installed near the upstream of the installation point of the vortex flowmeter, the valve is continuously opened and closed, which has a great influence on the service life of the flowmeter, and it is very easy to cause permanent damage to the flowmeter. The flowmeter should be avoided to be installed on the very long pipelines in overhead. After a long time, the leakage of the flowmeter can easily cause the leakage of the flowmeter to the flange. If it has to be installed, it must be in the upstream and downstream of the flowmeter. Pipe fastening devices are provided separately.