To ensure the measurement accuracy of the electromagnetic flowmeter, proper installation is very important.
The transmitter should be installed in a dry and ventilated place indoors. Avoid installation in places where the ambient temperature is too high, should not be subject to strong vibration, try to avoid equipment with strong magnetic fields, such as large motors, transformers, etc. Avoid installation in corrosive gases. The installation location is easy to overhaul. This is the environmental condition to ensure the normal operation of the transmitter.
In order to ensure that the measuring tube of the transmitter is filled with the measured medium, the stacker is preferably installed vertically, and the flow direction is from bottom to top. Especially for liquid-solid two-phase flow, it must be installed vertically. If the site is only allowed to be installed horizontally, it must be ensured that the two electrodes are at the same level.
The transmitter should be equipped with valves and bypass at both ends.
The millivolt AC potential measured by the electrode of the electromagnetic flow transmitter is based on the liquid potential in the transmitter. In order to stabilize the liquid potential and maintain the potential of the transmitter and fluid to ensure stable measurement, the transmitter shell and the metal tube should have good grounding at both ends, and the converter housing should also be grounded. The grounding resistance should not be greater than 10 and cannot be shared with the grounding wire of other electrical equipment. If the transmitter housing is not guaranteed to be in good contact with the metal pipe, connect them with metal wires. Re-reliable grounding.
In order to avoid interference signals, the signal between the transmitter and the converter must be transmitted with shielded wires. It is not allowed to place the signal cable and power cable in parallel in the same cable. The length of the signal cable should generally not exceed 30 m.
Converter installation site should avoid AC and DC strong magnetic field and vibration, ambient temperature is -20 to 50 ° C, does not contain corrosive gases, relative humidity is not more than 80%.
In order to avoid the influence of the flow rate on the relative measurement, the flow regulating valve should be placed downstream of the transmitter. For small-caliber transmitters, since the distance from the center of the electrode to the inlet end of the flowmeter is equivalent to several times the length of the diameter D, the upstream straight pipe may not be specified. However, for a flowmeter with a large diameter, generally there should be a straight pipe section of 5D or more in the upstream, and the downstream pipe section is generally not required.
Vortex flowmeter installation requirements for straight pipe sections:
It is very important that the vortex flowmeter installation meets the requirements for straight pipe sections. Its detailed requirements are as follows:
The flowmeter has certain requirements on the upstream and downstream straight pipe sections at the installation point, otherwise it will affect the measurement accuracy.
If there is a tapered pipe upstream of the installation point of the flowmeter, there should be a straight pipe section of not less than 15D (D is the pipe diameter) upstream of the flowmeter, and a straight pipe section of not less than 5D in the downstream.
If there is a diverging pipe upstream of the installation point of the flowmeter, the upstream of the flowmeter shall have a straight pipe section of not less than 18D (D is the pipe diameter), and the downstream shall have a straight pipe section of not less than 5D.
If there is a 90° elbow or down joint upstream of the installation point of the flowmeter, there should be a straight pipe section of not less than 20D upstream of the flowmeter, and a straight pipe section of not less than 5D downstream.
If there is a 90° elbow on the same plane upstream of the installation point of the flowmeter, there should be a straight pipe section of not less than 25D upstream of the flowmeter, and a straight pipe section of not less than 5D downstream.
The flow regulating valve or pressure regulating valve should be installed as far as possible downstream of the flowmeter 5D. If it must be installed upstream of the flowmeter, the upstream of the flowmeter should have a straight pipe section of not less than 25D, and the downstream should have a straight pipe section of not less than 5D. .
If there is a piston type or plunger type pump in the upstream of the flow meter, a piston type or a Roots type fan and a compressor, the upstream of the flow meter should have a straight pipe section of not less than 25D, and the downstream should have a straight pipe section of not less than 5D.
Special attention: If the valve is installed near the upstream of the installation point of the vortex flowmeter, the valve is continuously opened and closed, which has a great influence on the service life of the flowmeter, and it is very easy to cause permanent damage to the flowmeter. The flowmeter should be avoided to be installed on the very long pipelines in overhead. After a long time, the leakage of the flowmeter can easily cause the leakage of the flowmeter to the flange. If it has to be installed, it must be in the upstream and downstream of the flowmeter. Pipe fastening devices are provided separately.
Variable area flowmeter (equal pressure drop flowmeter)
The float placed in the upper and lower small tapered flow passages is moved by the force of the fluid flowing from the bottom to the top. When this force is balanced with the "display weight" of the float (the weight of the float itself minus the buoyancy of the fluid it receives), the capture is stationary. The height at which the float is stationary can be used as a measure of the flow rate. Since the cross-sectional area of ??the flowmeter varies with the height of the float, and the pressure difference between the upper and lower parts is equal when the float is stationary, the flowmeter is called a variable area flowmeter or an equal pressure dropmeter. A typical instrument of this type of flow meter is a rotor (float) flow meter.
A flowmeter weighing flowmeter that uses the momentum of a measuring fluid to reflect the flow rate. Since the momentum P of the flowing fluid is proportional to the density of the fluid and the square of the flow velocity v, i.e., p v2 , when the flow cross section is determined, v is proportional to the volumetric flow rate Q, so p Q2 . Set the proportional coefficient to A, then Q=A. Therefore, P is measured to reflect the flow rate Q. In this type of flowmeter, most of the flowmeters are used to convert momentum into pressure, displacement or force, and then the flow rate is measured. Typical meters for such flow meters are target and rotary wing flow meters.