In order to make the electromagnetic flowmeter work stably and reliably, the following aspects should be noted when selecting the installation location:
1. Try to avoid ferromagnetic objects and equipment with strong electromagnetic fields (large motors, large transformers, etc.) to prevent the magnetic field from affecting the working magnetic field and flow signal of the sensor.
2. It should be installed in a dry and ventilated place to avoid sun and rain. The ambient temperature should be -20~+60°C, and the relative humidity is less than 85%.
3. There should be plenty of space around the flowmeter for easy installation and maintenance.
The measurement principle of the electromagnetic flowmeter does not depend on the characteristics of the flow. If there is a certain turbulence and vortex in the pipeline, it will be generated in the non-measurement zone (such as elbow, tangential current limit or half-opening shut-off valve upstream). Nothing.
If steady-state eddy currents in the measurement zone affect the stability of the measurement and the accuracy of the measurement, then some measures should be taken to stabilize the flow rate distribution:
a.increase the length of the straight pipe before and after; b. use a flow stabilizer; c. reduce the cross section of the measuring point.
Vortex flowmeter installation requirements for straight pipe sections:
It is very important that the vortex flowmeter installation meets the requirements for straight pipe sections. Its detailed requirements are as follows:
The flowmeter has certain requirements on the upstream and downstream straight pipe sections at the installation point, otherwise it will affect the measurement accuracy.
If there is a tapered pipe upstream of the installation point of the flowmeter, there should be a straight pipe section of not less than 15D (D is the pipe diameter) upstream of the flowmeter, and a straight pipe section of not less than 5D in the downstream.
If there is a diverging pipe upstream of the installation point of the flowmeter, the upstream of the flowmeter shall have a straight pipe section of not less than 18D (D is the pipe diameter), and the downstream shall have a straight pipe section of not less than 5D.
If there is a 90° elbow or down joint upstream of the installation point of the flowmeter, there should be a straight pipe section of not less than 20D upstream of the flowmeter, and a straight pipe section of not less than 5D downstream.
If there is a 90° elbow on the same plane upstream of the installation point of the flowmeter, there should be a straight pipe section of not less than 25D upstream of the flowmeter, and a straight pipe section of not less than 5D downstream.
The flow regulating valve or pressure regulating valve should be installed as far as possible downstream of the flowmeter 5D. If it must be installed upstream of the flowmeter, the upstream of the flowmeter should have a straight pipe section of not less than 25D, and the downstream should have a straight pipe section of not less than 5D. .
If there is a piston type or plunger type pump in the upstream of the flow meter, a piston type or a Roots type fan and a compressor, the upstream of the flow meter should have a straight pipe section of not less than 25D, and the downstream should have a straight pipe section of not less than 5D.
Special attention: If the valve is installed near the upstream of the installation point of the vortex flowmeter, the valve is continuously opened and closed, which has a great influence on the service life of the flowmeter, and it is very easy to cause permanent damage to the flowmeter. The flowmeter should be avoided to be installed on the very long pipelines in overhead. After a long time, the leakage of the flowmeter can easily cause the leakage of the flowmeter to the flange. If it has to be installed, it must be in the upstream and downstream of the flowmeter. Pipe fastening devices are provided separately.
The correct selection of ultrasonic flowmeters can ensure better use of ultrasonic flowmeters. The type of ultrasonic flowmeter to be selected should be determined according to the physical properties and chemical properties of the fluid medium to be tested, so that the diameter, flow range, lining material, electrode material and output current of the ultrasonic flowmeter can be adapted to the properties of the fluid to be measured. And flow measurement requirements.
1, precision function check
Accuracy levels and functions are based on measurement requirements and usage scenarios to select instrument accuracy levels for cost-effectiveness. For example, in the case of trade settlement, product handover and energy measurement, the accuracy level should be higher, such as 1.0, 0.5, or higher; for process control, select different accuracy levels according to control requirements; It is to detect the process flow, no need to do precise control and measurement, you can choose a lower accuracy level, such as 1.5, 2.5, or even 4.0, then you can use a low-cost plug-in ultrasonic flowmeter.
2, measurable medium
Measuring medium flow rate, meter range and caliber When measuring a general medium, the full flow rate of the ultrasonic flow meter can be selected within the range of 0.5-12 m/s of the measured medium flow rate, and the range is relatively wide. The selection of the meter specification (caliber) is not necessarily the same as the process piping. It should be determined according to whether the measured flow range is within the flow rate range. That is, when the pipeline flow rate is too low to meet the requirements of the flow meter or the measurement accuracy is not guaranteed at this flow rate. It is necessary to reduce the gauge diameter, thereby increasing the flow rate inside the tube and obtaining satisfactory measurement results.